SDS of Benzoic Acid: Important Data and Information Collected

Did you know that benzoic acid is naturally found in many foods? This includes apples, cranberries, cinnamon leaf bark, and snap beans. 

However, even though this compound naturally occurs when used in various applications, you still need an SDS of benzoic acid. This sheet will help you ensure you have all the required information. 

It’s typically provided by the chemical manufacturer. It will include any safety hazards and warning information. It will also guide you on what to do in the case of chemical exposure. 

We’ve compiled the basic information about benzoic acid here. However, it’s still important to reference the information provided by the manufacturer as well. 

Keep reading to learn more about benzoic acid and the safety precautions you should take when working with this chemical. 

SDS of Benzoic Acid

Benzoic acid is a white crystalline solid with a faint, pleasant odor. It is derived from benzoin resin or by the oxidation of toluene. This organic compound has numerous applications in various industries due to its versatile properties.

Food and Beverage

In the food and beverage industry, benzoic acid serves as a preservative to prolong shelf life by inhibiting the growth of bacteria and fungi. It is commonly found in soft drinks, jams, condiments, fruit juices, pickles, and sauces. This multifunctional compound enhances flavors and acts as an antifungal agent in baked goods.


In the pharmaceutical industry, benzoic acid plays a crucial role as an inactive ingredient. Its antimicrobial properties help prevent contamination during storage.

Personal Care Products

Personal care products like creams, lotions, and shampoos often contain benzoic acid due to its ability to inhibit the growth of fungi. It acts as a preservative while ensuring product safety for consumers.

Industrial Processes

In industrial processes, benzoic acid is a precursor for producing various chemicals and intermediates, such as benzyl alcohol. This serves as a solvent or fragrance ingredient in perfumes and cosmetics.

Physical and Chemical Properties

Benzoic acid is usually found in white crystalline powder form or colorless crystals. Its texture is often described as silky or flaky to the touch. These physical characteristics contribute to its ease of handling and storage.

Benzoic acid exhibits moderate solubility in water at room temperature. It dissolves more readily in organic solvents such as ethanol and ether. This property allows for easy blending with other substances during production processes.

Benzoic acid has a relatively low melting point of around 122 degrees Celsius (252 degrees Fahrenheit). When heated further, it transforms into vapor at approximately 249 degrees Celsius (480 degrees Fahrenheit), making it easily evaporable.

Benzoic acid carries a distinct aromatic smell reminiscent of sweet almonds or cherries. This characteristic adds value when used in various perfumes, cosmetics, and food additives.

Hazards Identification

Benzoic acid is classified as a skin irritant. Direct contact with the substance can lead to redness, itching, and skin inflammation. It is essential to wear appropriate protective equipment, such as gloves and long-sleeved clothing when working with benzoic acid.

In addition to its irritant properties, benzoic acid poses a risk if inhaled or ingested. Inhalation of dust or vapors may cause respiratory irritation or discomfort.

If ingested accidentally, it can cause digestive issues like nausea and vomiting. Therefore, proper ventilation should be maintained where benzoic acid is handled and stored.

Benzoic acid also has the potential to cause eye irritation upon contact. In case of accidental exposure to the eyes, immediate rinsing with clean water for several minutes is recommended while seeking medical attention simultaneously.

Handling Guidelines

Handling and storing benzoic acid is crucial to ensure safety and prevent any potential risks. Here are some important guidelines to follow:

Wear PPE

When handling benzoic acid, it is essential to wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves, goggles, and a lab coat. This will help protect your skin, eyes, and clothing from direct contact with the substance.

Proper Ventilation 

Always handle benzoic acid in a well-ventilated area or under a fume hood. Proper ventilation is necessary to avoid inhaling the fumes or dust particles released during handling.

Follow Storage Guidelines 

It’s important to store benzoic acid in a tightly sealed container away from heat sources and incompatible substances. Keep it in a cool, dry place that is inaccessible to children or unauthorized individuals.

Avoid Spills

Avoid any spills or accidental releases of benzoic acid. Use proper containment measures like spill kits or absorbent materials nearby for quick cleanup if needed.

Don’t Take Contaminated Clothing Home

If your clothing becomes contaminated with benzoic acid, do not take it home. Change into clean clothes and dispose of the contaminated ones properly.

Proper Disposal

Dispose of any excess or waste benzoic acid according to local regulations. Do not pour it down the drain or put it in regular trash. Contact your local waste management facility for guidance on proper disposal methods.

Label Containers Clearly

Always label containers containing benzoic acid with the appropriate information, including the name of the substance, hazards, and storage requirements.

In Case of Exposure

In case of accidental exposure to benzoic acid, immediately remove contaminated clothing and rinse the affected skin area with plenty of water. If swallowed or inhaled, seek medical attention immediately. Keep the safety data sheet (SDS) readily available for quick reference in emergencies.

Wash your Hands

Always wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water after handling benzoic acid, even if you were wearing gloves. This will help prevent accidental ingestion or transfer of the substance to other surfaces.

Do Not Eat, Drink, or Smoke

Do not eat, drink, or smoke while handling or in areas storing benzoic acid. This will prevent accidental ingestion and potential health hazards.

Personal Protection Measures

When working with benzoic acid, it is crucial to prioritize personal protection. Here are some key measures you should take to ensure your safety.

Always wear appropriate protective clothing and equipment when handling benzoic acid. This includes gloves, goggles, and a lab coat or apron. These items serve as a barrier between you and the chemical, minimizing the risk of skin contact or eye irritation.

Work in a well-ventilated area or use local exhaust ventilation systems to prevent inhalation of fumes or dust particles. Benzoic acid can release harmful vapors when heated or mixed with other substances. By ensuring good airflow in your workspace, you can minimize exposure to these potentially hazardous air contaminants.

Remember: Personal protection measures are essential for ensuring your safety when working with any chemical substance – including benzoic acid! Stay informed about proper protocols and take every precaution necessary before starting any task involving this compound.

Toxicological Information

Understanding the toxicological information of any substance is crucial for ensuring safety in handling and usage. It’s important to know how benzoic acid can potentially affect human health.

Benzoic acid may cause irritation if it comes into contact with the skin or eyes. To minimize direct exposure, it is advisable to wear protective gloves and goggles when working with this chemical compound.

Ingesting high amounts of benzoic acid might lead to gastrointestinal issues such as nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. However, these symptoms are usually temporary and subside once the body eliminates the excess compound.

Studies have also shown that inhalation of benzoic acid vapors may irritate the respiratory system, resulting in coughing or difficulty breathing. Therefore, proper ventilation should be ensured when using this substance.

First Aid Measures

In case of accidental exposure to benzoic acid, it is crucial to know the appropriate first aid measures. Prompt action can help minimize any potential harm and ensure a safe recovery.

Skin Contact

If benzoic acid comes into contact with your skin, immediately remove contaminated clothing and rinse the affected area with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Avoid using abrasive materials during rinsing to prevent further irritation. Seek medical attention if redness, pain, or other symptoms persist.

Eye Contact

If benzoic acid gets in your eyes, flush them gently but thoroughly with lukewarm water for at least 15 minutes while keeping your eyelids open. Remove contact lenses if present and continue rinsing until all traces of the substance are eliminated. Consult a healthcare professional promptly for further evaluation.


In case of inhalation exposure to benzoic acid dust or vapor, move the affected person to an area with fresh air immediately. Allow them to rest in a comfortable position and seek medical assistance if breathing difficulties occur or persist.


If someone accidentally ingests benzoic acid, do not induce vomiting unless instructed by medical professionals. It may cause more harm than good, depending on the circumstances involved. Instead, provide sips of water (if conscious) and seek immediate medical attention for proper evaluation and treatment.

Accidental Release Measures

In the event of an accidental release of benzoic acid, it is crucial to take immediate action to minimize the potential risks and hazards. Here are some important measures that should be followed:


First, it is essential to contain the spilled or leaked benzoic acid by using absorbent materials such as sand or earth. This will help prevent further spreading and limit the extent of contamination.


Adequate ventilation should be ensured in the area where the release occurred. Open windows or use fans to facilitate air circulation and dissipate any vapors that may have been released.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Anyone cleaning up or responding to an accidental release must wear appropriate PPE, including gloves, goggles, and protective clothing. This will provide a barrier against direct contact with benzoic acid and reduce the risk of exposure.

Cleanup Procedures

The spill area should be carefully cleaned using suitable methods and equipment. Avoid generating dust during cleanup operations as this can increase inhalation risks. Moisten materials first, or use a HEPA filter vacuum. 

Dispose of all contaminated materials properly according to local regulations.

Ecological Information

Regarding the ecological impact of benzoic acid, there are several important factors to consider. It is crucial to note that benzoic acid is biodegradable, meaning that natural processes can break it down over time. This is good news for the environment, as biodegradability can help reduce the potential for long-term harm.

Additionally, studies have shown that benzoic acid has a low potential for bioaccumulation in aquatic organisms. This means that it does not tend to build up in the tissues of these organisms over time. Again, this is positive news when considering its impact on ecosystems.

In terms of toxicity towards aquatic life specifically, benzoic acid has been found to have moderate acute toxicity levels. It may pose a risk to fish and other aquatic organisms if released into water sources in high concentrations. Therefore, proper handling and disposal procedures should always be followed to minimize any adverse effects on the environment.

Disposal Considerations

Regarding the disposal of benzoic acid, proper precautions must be taken to ensure environmental safety. Improper disposal can lead to potential harm to both humans and the ecosystem. Therefore, it is essential to follow guidelines for safe and responsible handling.

Never dispose of benzoic acid by pouring it down drains or sinks. This can contaminate water sources and have a negative impact on aquatic life. Instead, consult with local regulations or waste management facilities for instructions on properly disposing of this chemical compound.

One option may be to contact a licensed hazardous waste disposal company that handles chemicals like benzoic acid. They will have the knowledge and resources to safely collect and transport the substance for appropriate treatment or storage.

Storing Benzoic Acid

Proper storage of benzoic acid is essential to maintain its quality and ensure safety. Here are some important guidelines to follow when storing this chemical compound.

Cool and Dry Space

It is important to store benzoic acid in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight and sources of heat. This helps prevent any potential decomposition or degradation of the substance. It is also crucial to keep benzoic acid away from incompatible materials, such as oxidizing agents or strong bases that could react with it.


When storing benzoic acid, it is recommended to use appropriate containers made of materials compatible with the compound, such as high-density polyethylene (HDPE). These containers should be tightly sealed to prevent moisture absorption or contamination. Additionally, labeling the containers with clear identification and proper hazard warnings can help minimize any risks associated with handling and storage.

Keep an Inventory

Keeping an inventory record of the stored quantity of benzoic acid allows for better management and monitoring. This helps ensure that all necessary precautions are taken regarding shelf life limitations and restocking requirements.

Transporting Benzoic Acid

When it comes to transporting benzoic acid, safety should always be the top priority. This compound may not be as hazardous as some other chemicals, but proper precautions must still be taken to prevent any accidents or spills during transit.

Packaging Matters

Package benzoic acid in sturdy containers that are leak-proof and resistant to corrosion. This will ensure that the chemical remains contained throughout its journey. Additionally, these containers should be appropriately labeled with clear markings indicating the contents and any necessary hazard warnings.

Handle With Care

During transportation, it is crucial to handle benzoic acid with care and avoid any rough handling or excessive shaking of the packages. This will help minimize the risk of accidental spills or breakage.

Keep Away From Incompatible Substances

To further enhance safety during transport, it is recommended to separate benzoic acid from incompatible substances, such as strong oxidizers or reactive metals. Keeping these materials apart can prevent potential reactions that could lead to dangerous situations.

Driver Training

Drivers responsible for transporting benzoic acid should receive appropriate training on how to handle hazardous chemicals safely. They should also have access to necessary personal protective equipment (PPE) in case of an emergency.

Firefighting Measures

In the unfortunate event of a fire involving benzoic acid, it is crucial to take immediate action to minimize the potential risks. Make sure you let firefighters know about the nature of the fire when calling. Here are some important firefighting measures that should be followed:

Extinguishing Media

It is recommended to use dry chemical powder or carbon dioxide (CO2) as extinguishing agents for fires involving benzoic acid. Avoid using water, as it may spread the fire and exacerbate the situation.

Firefighters’ Protective Equipment

Firefighters should wear appropriate protective clothing and equipment, including self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA), to ensure their safety during firefighting operations. This will help protect them from exposure to harmful fumes and gases.

Containment and Spill Control

If possible, contain the fire by shutting off any fuel sources nearby and isolating the affected area. In case of a spill or release of benzoic acid, use absorbent materials like sand or vermiculite to control and contain it safely.


Ensure proper ventilation in the area where the fire has occurred to prevent the accumulation of hazardous vapors. Open windows and doors if safe to do so or provide mechanical ventilation if necessary.

Let the Professionals Take the Lead

Remember, firefighting measures should only be implemented by trained professionals equipped with proper knowledge and tools. Always prioritize your safety first in such situations!

Potential Interactions for Benzoic Acid

When working with benzoic acid, it’s essential to be aware of its potential interactions with other substances. Understanding these interactions can help prevent any unwanted reactions or hazards. Here are some key points to keep in mind:

Incompatible Substances

Avoid storing or mixing benzoic acid with strong oxidizing agents, such as peroxides or permanganates. They may react violently when combined.

Benzoic acid may also react with strong bases, such as sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, to form salts. These salts can be hazardous if ingested or in contact with skin.

Reactions with Metals

Benzoic acid can potentially corrode certain metals, including aluminum and zinc. Take care not to store the compound in contact with these materials.

Organic Compounds

As an organic compound itself, benzoic acid may interact chemically with other organic compounds. This can lead to unexpected reactions or changes in properties.

Health Hazards of Benzoic Acid

While benzoic acid is commonly used in various industries and products, it is important to be aware of the potential health hazards associated with its handling and exposure. It’s crucial for individuals who work with or come into contact with benzoic acid on a regular basis to take proper safety precautions. Follow appropriate handling guidelines outlined in the Safety Data Sheet (SDS).

Irritant Properties

One of the main concerns with benzoic acid is its irritant properties. Direct contact with the skin can cause irritation, redness, and even burns. It can also cause severe eye irritation if splashed into the eyes. Inhalation of benzoic acid dust or fumes may lead to respiratory tract irritation, coughing, and difficulty breathing.

Issues When Ingesting Benzoic Acid

Ingesting or swallowing large amounts of benzoic acid can be harmful as well. It may cause nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In rare cases, it may even lead to more serious health issues such as kidney damage or metabolic disturbances.

Allergic Reactions

Prolonged or repeated exposure to benzoic acid has been linked to allergic reactions in some individuals. Sensitivity or allergies to this compound can manifest as skin rashes, itching, swelling (especially around the face), and difficulty breathing.

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Limited research is available on the safety and effects of benzoic acid during pregnancy or breastfeeding. It’s best to consult with a doctor before exposure to benzoic acid. 

Manage Your Workplace SDS Online

The SDS of benzoic acid provides crucial information and data that are vital for handling, storing, and transporting this chemical compound safely. By understanding its physical and chemical properties, hazard identification, personal protection measures, and first aid procedures in case of accidents or exposure incidents, individuals can ensure their safety when working with benzoic acid.

The ability to locate SDS information quickly is essential. It can help guide your actions when accidental exposure occurs. 

KHA is here to help you diminish risks, improve workplace safety, and assure regulatory compliance. We do this through offering an online SDS and providing required training. We’ve been helping customers manage their SDSs since 1985. 

Our pricing is transparent, and we even offer price matching. Contact us today to learn more about our solutions.